The narrative of the Human Settlements Adjudication Commission (HSAC) can be traced back to 1976 when President Ferdinand E. Marcos, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 933, created the Human Settlements Commission (HSC) to develop and modernize communities and optimize land use as a resource for public welfare. HSC also acted as an appellate body in case of conflicting decisions and actions arising from the exercise of the physical planning functions or the regional and/or local planning agencies.
On 02 June 1978, Presidential Decree No. 1396 was enacted creating the Ministry of Human Settlements with a goal to provide every community with basic needs and resources as well as manage urban development, and promote innovative land and community development. Under the same law, the HSC was renamed Human Settlements Regulatory Commission (HSRC), and became the regulatory arm of the Ministry.
In order to strengthen HSRC, on 07 February 1981, Executive Order No. 648 was promulgated, reorganizing HSRC and granting it powers and attributes of a quasi-judicial body that has jurisdiction over appeals on decisions and actions of its deputized officials and local and regional planning and zoning bodies. It also assumed the regulatory functions of the National Housing Authority in its implementation of Presidential Decree No. 957 and other related laws.
With the approval of the government’s national shelter program in 1986, President Corazon C. Aquino issued Executive Order No. 90 abolishing the Ministry of Human Settlements and created the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) for policy making and coordination of activities of the agencies in housing. The EO also defined the mandates of HSRC making it one of the key shelter agencies of the program and renamed it Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB)
From 1986 to 2010, HLURB served as the sole regulatory body for housing and land development and faithfully performed its adjudicatory functions involving housing and urban developments and land use. On 07 January 2010, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo enacted Republic Act No. 9904 to help protect homeowners’ rights and complement various services of local government units, and conferred HLURB jurisdiction over the cases involving homeowners associations.
2019 – Present
On 14 February 2019, President Rodrigo R. Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11201, creating the Department of Human Settlements and Urban Development (DHSUD). Section 12 of the Act reconstituted the HLURB as the Human Settlements Adjudication Commission (HSAC), which is now a purely quasi-judicial agency. It is attached to the DHSUD for policy, planning, and program coordination only.
Today, HSAC adjudicates disputes involving real estate development, homeowners association, implementation of Section 18 of Republic Act No. 7279, as amended, and its Implementing Rules and Regulations, and those involving laws and regulations being implemented by the Department except those cases falling within the jurisdiction of other judicial or quasi-judicial body.
The Commission exercises exclusive appellate jurisdiction over all cases decided by the Regional Adjudicators and appeals from decisions of local and regional planning and zoning bodies.